Breakup of the  
I determined that Eastern Island is the exit point, like
Hawaii, because it is over the thermal anomaly that
formed the Tuamotu Archipelago-Line Island chain.
Looking at geologic studies, I also determined that the
Azores Island, marking the Great Meteor hot spot, is
the entry point like Iceland in the Atlantic Ocean. Now
going back further into time, some 300  million years
ago, Pangaea and/or Gondwanaland was formed
when the North America continent collided with
Africa. This collision raised the Appalachian Mountains
and closed the ancient ocean known to geologists as
Later, the continents came apart again when a new ocean, the Atlantic, opened between them. Where the two
continents collided there is an old "           
  " or seam.  The "suture" lies between what has been identified as African
basement rock (underlying the Suwannee basin in Georgia) and as North American basement rock (in western central
Georgia). The rock is metamorphic, rocks that have been changed by pressure, heat, and water that result in a more
compact and more highly crystalline condition. It predates both the Atlantic and Iapetus; it was part of the great
African/North American landmass that: broke apart, rejoined, and broke apart again. Radiometric techniques applied to
samples recovered from wells give [the samples] an age of about 1.1 billion years (5).
The "breaking up" pattern shows that this happened at
least twice.  The connecting seam, which runs roughly
east-southeast beneath southern Georgia, formed when
the drifting African and North American continents collided
forming the super continent called Pangaea, or
Gondwanaland. Using  a sonar-like technique called
seismic reflection profiling; Earth scientists have
detected the suture and mapped its course beneath the
sedimentary layers of Georgia's coastal plain (6). The 
hot spot located near the Azores Island is known as the
Great Meteor hot spot and the ancient suture was
probably caused by the same event.
With these two different explosions, I calculated the angles for each event. I assume
that the Great-Meteor hot spot and Eastern Island thermal anomaly are connected
like the Iceland - Hawaiian thermal anomaly. The Great-Meteor hot spot and Eastern
Island thermal anomaly occurred earlier in geologic history.
The Great Meteor hot spot is approximately a 45-degree angle to
Easter Island, locating the hot spot for the Tuamotu Archipelago -
Line Islands'  group of sea mounts. Easter Island, as a member
of this particular group, is  located on the  western side of Nazca
Plate, and is moving eastward towards South America by sea floor
spreading. The reason  this particular explosion probably
happened before the Iceland  -  Hawaiian explosion, is that the
sea mounts in the Hawaiian chain are more “recent.” geologically
speaking, when compared to the other sea mounts located in the
Tuamotu Archipelago Line. The more “recent” Hawaiian – Iceland
explosion is approximately 30 degrees angle (assuming both
explosions are parallel to the equator). Why the 15 degrees
Looking at other geologic evidence then, several million years ago
the other plates subducted under the Pacific plate while new sea
floor was being created at the Hawaiian hot spot. This subduction
process continued for hundreds of million years until the lighter
continental plates reversed the pacific plate to sub-duct. The
reason for the reversal is that oceanic crust is more dense than
the continental crust and so when the oceanic crust came in
contact with the continental crust, the continental crust rode up
and over the Pacific crust. By 65 million years ago the continents
have spread 2,000 miles, trailing lava from the hot spot to form
submarine ridges, then, the subduction zone reversed; so now,
the Pacific floor plunges under  South America (1).
The other point of interest is the South Sandwich Islands
and the surrounding area, which is located near the
Falkland Island at the tip of South America. Sir Edward
Bullard of the University of Cambridge did a classic
reconstruction. Sir Bullard used the 1,000-meter depth
contour lines in the Atlantic to represent the edge of
each continent.  He used a computer program to rotate
the edges of each Continent shelf together to find the fit
that minimized gaps and overlaps. Even so, there
remained a gap of 250 kilometers between the southern
tip of Africa and the edge of an undersea plateau that
includes the Falkland Islands. The Deep-Sea Drilling
Project of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography had
since shown that the Falkland plateau is continental
crust. It is a submerged part of South America. "This
gap," although scientists at the present time said,  
"…cannot have existed " or unable to explain it, resulted
from a projectile from Iceland that ‘blew out’ a hole in
the Earth's crust. Earth scientists have considered "The
breakup that created South America and Africa must be
taken to have happened instantaneously
along a line; a most unlikely event" (7).
Scientists have suggested that
rifting may be related to the
doming and rupturing of the
continental crust above a hot
spot in the mantle. Afar, another
interesting hot spot, has
repeatedly been considered one
of the clearest cases of a
     caused by the
doming and rupturing over a hot
spot. The junction is that of the
Red Sea rift, the Gulf of Aden
ridge, and the Ethiopian rift and
also known as the “horn of
Africa” the northernmost part of
the East African Rift Valley (see
figure 3). Earth scientists have
suggested "that there might be
a link between 'hot spots', triple
junctions, and continental
breakup" (7).
triple junction
The South Sandwich Arc
Sir Edward Bullard's The Fit of the
Continents around the Atlantic